Early prostate cancer usually produces no symptoms and is discovered during a routine physical examination either by a positive digital rectum exam or an elevated PSA level which may lead to a biopsy. Once symptoms appear, they often resemble those of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). This can be dangerous, because non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate is common in men over 40, and difficulty with urination may be attributed to aging rather than disease.
Men experiencing the symptoms of BPH should see their physician immediately for a thorough examination.
Signs and symptoms for prostate cancer include the following:
- Blood in the urine or semen
- Frequent urination, especially at night
- Inability to urinate
- Nagging pain or stiffness in the back, hips, upper thighs or pelvis
- Pain during ejaculation
- Pain or burning during urination
- Weak or interrupted urinary flow